Railroad Surveying In 1800s

land surveyors surveying survey railroad landform minneapolis minnesota elk river hiringThe American Society of Civil Engineers shared an interesting article with five facts about railroad surveying in the 1800s.  What do you think about these:

1- In 1831, American William J. Young invented the Transit, a rugged, lightweight, easy-to-use alternative to the traditional English theodolite instrument.

2- In the 1830s in the U.S., civil engineers began using 50-foot and 100-foot “engineer’s chains” instead of the 66-foot Gunter’s chain to more accurately survey roads, canals, and railroads.

3- The crews conducting surveys for the early railroads were called field engineer crews, not survey crews, and their camps were called engineer camps, not survey camps.

4- The first job for young civil engineers was usually as a member of a field engineering crew conducting surveys. They referred to themselves as engineers, not as surveyors.

5- Both Grenville Dodge, chief engineer of the Union Pacific Railroad, and William Hood, chief engineer of the Southern Pacific Company, started their civil engineering careers as axe-men on surveys for railroads.